Know What You Drink: the Main Types of Liquor from MER Patrimony

Know What You Drink:

the Main Types of Liquor

No matter if you like, dislike, or if you’re completely indifferent about alcohol, it’s always good to know something about the drink. You might want to flesh your knowledge in front of friends, prepare incredible cocktails, or just simply satisfy your curiosity by tasting different types of liquor. You might have tons of reasons for that. So, without further ado, read on to learn about the main types of liquor.

No matter if you like, dislike, or if you’re completely indifferent about alcohol, it’s always good to know something about the drink. You might want to flesh your knowledge in front of friends, prepare incredible cocktails, or just simply satisfy your curiosity by tasting different types of liquor. You might have tons of reasons for that.
What is Liquor?

 

But before we continue with liquor types, let’s look at what liquor actually is.

Simply put, liquor is an alcoholic beverage made with the help of the distillation process. The drink undergoes the fermentation procedure, during which sugar is converted into carbon dioxide (CO2) and alcohol by means of yeast. And then the alcohol and other ingredients such as water and grain particles are heated. It leads to the alcohol to be evaporated so that it can be condensed into distilled spirits.

 

What are the Main Types of Liquor?

 

Now that you know what liquor is, it’s time to consider the main types of liquor.

 

Tequila

 

If you asked Mexican people what kind of drink they are most proud of, they would definitely say “tequila”. This is the agave-made drink which comes straight from this sunny and beautiful country. Once produced by the Aztecs and then improved by the conquistadores, this liquor type has gained huge popularity outside the continent.

Tequila’s alcohol content varies from 35 to 55%.

The real tequila comes from Mexico. Since 1974 the country has had a total monopoly of tequila production. Thus, the drink has retained its authenticity.

Tequila is the main spirit for such cocktails as Tequila Sunrise, Paloma, Margarita, and Tequini.

Cocktail Margarita | MER

Vodka

 

If Mexicans are proud of tequila, then the Russian people must be proud of their world-wide popular type of liquor called vodka. This is a distilled drink made of rye, potatoes, or wheat and it’s one of the most famous hard liquor drinks in the world. Its alcohol content ranges from 40 to 95% and it’s not kept in barrels.

Due to its simple taste, Vodka can make a perfect foundation for any cocktail — Moscow mule, White Russian, Cosmopolitan, Screwdriver, Bloody Mary, Vodka Martini, or Lemon Drop, just to name a few.
Moreover, there are many types of vodka with different flavors like honey and pepper, cranberry, lime, chocolate, peach, and many others which make this liquor so diverse.

Vodka - a perfect foundation for Moscow mule cocktail | MER

Gin

 

Gin is similar to vodka — it does not age and it’s not kept in wood barrels. The drink has a dry and strong taste and it’s alcohol content ranges from 40% to 95%. It might also have herbal taste due to various herbal ingredients added at the stage of production.

Gin and Tonic, Gin Martini, Tom Collins, Classic Gin Fizz, Pink Lady, and a lot more cocktails can be made by using this liquor type.

Pink Lady - Gin Cocktail | MER

Brandy

 

Brandy is another famous type of liquor and it’s made by distilling wine or fermenting fruit mash (it might be made from pears, plums, grapes, cherries, apricots, or apples) and comes from different regions of the world. It has a pleasant fruity taste and its alcohol content is somewhere between 30% – 60%. The drink also ages in oak barrels, which gives it a smoked taste.

Cognac, Calvados, and Armagnac are all types of brandy which are produced in different regions of the planet.

Brandy is used to making Brandy Alexander, French 75, Metropolitan, Sidecar, and so on.

Brandy for the Metropolitan | MER

Whiskey

 

Whiskey is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain such as wheat, corn, barley, or rye. The alcohol content ranges from 40% up to 68%. Unlike vodka, for instance, whiskey is kept for some time in wooden barrels, which add a special taste to the beverage.

Many think that bourbon, scotch, and whiskey are completely different types of liquor, but it’s far from the truth. The first two drinks are whiskey but with few nuances. For a drink to be called scotch, it has to be kept in a barrel for at least three years in Scotland. Bourbon is made primarily of corn and the main region of its production in the United States.

Whiskey can be used in a wide variety of cocktails — Manhattan cocktail, Whiskey sour, Old-fashioned, Classic Bourbon Sour, and many others.

Old-fashioned - Whiskey cocktail | MER

Rum

 

Rum is a favorite drink of all pirates and not only them. Made of fermented and distilled molasses, the drink is kept in oak barrels to gain this unforgettable sweet taste. Its alcohol content varies from 40% up to 80%.

There are three main types of liquor — white rum, dark rum, and spiced rum. White is light-bodied and it is not kept long in an oak barrel. Dark rum, on the contrary, ages for a long period of time and it has a reacher body. Spiced rum is flavored with various types of spices.

This beverage is the king of cocktails as it used to make such delicious drinks as Pina Colada, Daiquiri, Dark and Stormy, Rum Punch, Mohito, Hurricane, and a lot of others.

Delicious drinks - Pina Colada | MER

All in all, liquor includes many types of alcoholic beverages that age differently and have various tastes. They all can be drunk as they are or savored in a cocktail. If you want to try any of these beverages, you can find all of them here. Enjoy your drink!

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